Das Olympiastadion (englisch Olympic Stadium) in London war die Veranstaltungsstätte für die . Das erste Spiel von West Ham United im Stadion nach dem Mio. Pfund (rd. Mio. Euro) teuren Umbau wurde am 4. August Olympiastadion London: Tipps für Besucher des neuen Stadions von West Ham United Das Londoner Olympiastadion scheint für West Ham United kein gutes . Boleyn Ground war der offizielle Name für das ehemalige Fußballstadion des Londoner Traditionsclubs West Ham United. Die gängige Bezeichnung der.
Smeknamnet är The Irons eller The Hammers. Klubben är känd för att fostra blivande stjärnor som klubben dock tvingas sälja vidare till storklubbar som Frank Lampard , Rio Ferdinand , Joe Cole , Michael Carrick och Jermaine Defoe.
Tidningen Forbes rankade West Ham United som den Efter att ha spelat i bland annat Southern Football League blev klubben medlem av The Football Leagues andra division.
I FA-cupen lottades klubben mot Manchester United och klarade 2—2 hemma men förlorade 0—1 borta. Arenan har varit klubbens hemvist sedan Klubben har en stark rivalitet med ett flertal andra London-klubbar, främst med Tottenham och Chelsea.
West Ham had a poor season which involved a prolonged battle against relegation. The Hammers reached the semi-final of the League Cup before being eliminated by eventual winners Birmingham City as well as the quarter final of the FA cup before a 2—1 defeat at Stoke City.
Following the loss, West Ham announced the sacking of manager Avram Grant just one season into his tenure. The club finished third in the —12 Football League Championship with 86 points and took part in the play-offs.
They beat Cardiff City in the play-off semi-final 5—0 on aggregate to reach the final against Blackpool at Wembley on 19 May Only 11 away goals were scored, the lowest of the entire league.
In —14 , West Ham finished 13th in the Premier League. Minutes after the last game of the season, on 24 May , the club announced that Allardyce's contract would not be renewed and that they were seeking a new manager.
The team broke several records for the club in the Premier League era, including the highest number of points 62 , the highest number of goals in a season 65 , the least number of games lost in a season 8 and the lowest number of away defeats 5.
The principal element of the badge is the crossed pair of rivet hammers, tools that were used in the shipbuilding industry.
The Blackwall and Canning Town neighbourhoods surrounding the Thames Ironworks echoed to the sound of hammers; steam hammers , sledge hammers and rivet hammers.
Seven large mechanical steam hammers would punch small holes near the edges of the iron plates which would be joined to build the ships.
The plates would be put in place and fixed together with rivets by teams of five, three inside the emerging vessel and two outside.
Inside the ship one member of the team would heat the rivets till they were white hot and pass to a second person known as a 'catch-boy' or 'putter-in' who would place the rivet in the hole.
The third person was known as the 'holder-on' and he would then smash the rivet home with a sixteen pound sledge hammer and then use his sledgehammer to hold the rivet in place while the men on the other side flattened the other end of the rivet.
Outside the ship, exposed to the elements, two men with rivet hammers — one right-handed, one left-handed — would hammer the protruding and still glowing rivet flat, so securing one of the many points necessary to link each of the ship's large plates.
The crossed hammers were also incorporating into the coat of arms of the County Borough of West Ham and those of its successor, the modern London Borough of Newham.
A yellow or white tower was added, intermittently, from the s onwards. The manor was reputedly one of the sites at which Henry VIII courted his second queen, though there is no documentary evidence to support the tradition.
There are a number of other factors which may have influenced the inclusion of the stylised castle feature, for instance:. A shield has been used in many iterations of the club badge, and the shape of the version matches the cross-section on the hull of HMS Warrior ,  the most famous ship built by the Thames Ironworks.
However examining draughtsman's diagrams  of the ship casts doubt on the resemblance between the shield and the ship. The crest was redesigned and updated in the late s, featuring a wider yellow castle with fewer cruciform "windows" along with the peaked roofs being removed; the tops of the towers had previously made the castle appear more akin to Disneyland 's Sleeping Beauty's Castle than a functioning fortress.
The designer also altered other details to give a more substantial feel to the iconography. When the club rebuilt the west stand of the Boleyn Ground construction finished —02 the "castle" from the redesigned badge was incorporated into the structure at the main entrance to the ground.
A pair of towers were prominent features of the ground's appearance, both bearing large club badges. A new badge was introduced following the end of the —16 season , when the club moved into the Olympic Stadium.
The word "London" was introduced below to "establish the club firmly on the international stage", and the more minimalist approach is to give a "strong statement that is instantly West Ham United".
The original colours of the team were dark blue, due to Thames Ironworks chairman Arnold Hills being a former student of Oxford University.
However, the team used a variety of kits including the claret and sky blue house colours of Thames Ironworks, as well as sky blue or white kit.
The Irons permanently adopted claret and blue for home colours in One story suggests that Thames Ironworks right-half Charlie Dove received the Aston Villa kit from William Belton, who was a professional sprinter of national repute, as well as being involved with the coaching at Thames Ironworks.
Belton had been at a fair in Birmingham , close to Villa Park , the home ground of Aston Villa and was challenged to a race against four Villa players, who wagered money that one of them would win.
Belton defeated them and, when they were unable to pay the bet, one of the Villa players who was responsible for washing the team's kit offered a complete team's "football kits" to Belton in payment.
The Aston Villa player subsequently reported to his club that the kit was "missing. The predecessors of Thames Ironworks, Old Castle Swifts , played in pale blue shirts and white shorts as early as Since January West Ham's shirts have been sponsored by Betway.
Martens — , JobServe —07 , XL. The current kit manufacturers, Umbro , have made West Ham's kit from to , and from to the present. Previous manufacturers have been Admiral —80 , Adidas —87, —15 ,  Scoreline —89 , Bukta —93 , Pony —99 , Fila — , Reebok —07 and macron — I'm forever blowing bubbles, Pretty bubbles in the air.
They fly so high, nearly reach the sky, Then like my dreams they fade and die. Fortune's always hiding, I've looked everywhere I'm forever blowing bubbles, pretty bubbles in the air.
The team's supporters are famous for their rendition of the chorus of their team's anthem, " I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles " introduced to the club by former manager Charlie Paynter in the late s.
A Pears soap commercial featuring the curly haired child in the Millais ' " Bubbles " was well known at the time. The child resembled a player, Billy J.
Beal was known locally for his music and rhyme and wrote special words to the tune of "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles" whenever any player was having a good game.
Beal was a friend of Paynter, while Murray was a West Ham trialist and played football at schoolboy level with a number of West Ham players such as Jim Barrett.
Through this contrivance of association the club's fans took it upon themselves to begin singing the popular music hall tune before home games, sometimes reinforced by the presence of a house band requested to play the refrain by Charlie Paynter.
There is a slight change to the lyrics sung by the Upton Park faithful. The second line's "nearly reach the sky" is changed to "they reach the sky" , "Then like my dreams" is also changed to "And like my dreams".
In addition the fans begin a chant of "United, United! The FA Cup version — which contains the original lyrics, and features vocals from the team's then-current players — is always played before home games, with the home crowd joining in and carrying the song on after the music stops at the verse line "Fortune's always hiding".
Like other teams, the team also have a history of adopting or adapting popular songs of the day to fit particular events, themes, players or personas.
Canio to the tune of Ottawan 's " D. Fans gained national attention after giving a torrid time to David Beckham in his first away match of —99 the season after the England midfielder was sent off for a petulant foul on Diego Simeone.
Although it was later revealed that the pub was in South-East London , the heartland of West Ham's greatest rivals Millwall.
The West Ham fans did, however, boo Beckham's every touch of the ball during the game. They have also displayed a particular zeal when it comes to abusing former players particularly those who are perceived to have abandoned the club, or performed some disservice.
However, players such as Joe Cole, Michael Carrick , Rio Ferdinand , Bobby Zamora and Carlos Tevez receive applause and even standing ovations in honour of their contributions during their time at the club.
Joe Cole subsequently rejoined West Ham from Liverpool midway through the —13 season. The origins of West Ham's links with organised football-related violence starts in the s with the establishment of The Mile End Mob named after an area of the East End of London.
During the '70s in particular, rival groups of West Ham fans from neighbouring areas often did battle with each other at games, most often groups from the neighbouring districts of Barking and Dagenham.
The Inter City Firm were one of the first " casuals ", so called because they avoided police supervision by not wearing football-related clothing and travelled to away matches on regular InterCity trains, rather than on the cheap and more tightly policed "football special" charter trains.
The group were an infamous West Ham-aligned gang. As the firm's moniker "inter city" suggests violent activities were not confined to local derbies — the hooligans were content to cause trouble at any game, though nearby teams often bore the brunt.
West Ham have strong rivalries with several other clubs. The oldest and fiercest rivalry is with Millwall. The two sides are local rivals, having both formed originally around local companies, with players living in the same localities.
The early history of both clubs are intertwined, with West Ham proving to be the more successful in a number of meetings between the two teams at the time, resulting in West Ham being promoted at the expense of Millwall.
Later in the s, the rivalry was intensified during strike action which Isle of Dogs -based companies i.
In , a Millwall supporter died at New Cross station after falling out of a train during a fight with West Ham fans. The rivalry between West Ham and Millwall has involved considerable violence and is one of the most notorious within the world of football hooliganism.
The teams were drawn against each other in the second round of the —10 League Cup and met on 25 August at Upton Park.
This was the first time in four years that the two clubs had played each other, and the first ever in the League Cup. Clashes between fans occurred outside the ground, resulting in violence erupting up to half a mile away from the stadium, with serious injuries, include the stabbing of a Millwall supporter, damage to property and several arrests reported by police.
There were also several pitch invasions by West Ham supporters which brought a temporary halt to the game. Millwall were cleared of all charges.
The team and supporters are known as The Hammers, in part because of the club's origins as Thames Ironworks.
The capacity of the Boleyn Ground was 35,,  and had been West Ham's ground since They retained the stadium during their transition to becoming West Ham United and were there for a further four seasons before moving to the Boleyn Ground in In February , however, the British Olympic Minister stated that West Ham would not get the stadium, and it would instead be used for track and field.
The proposal was for a stadium with a capacity of 60, which would retain a competition athletics track.
The proposal was welcomed by the chairman of UK athletics, Ed Warner, who said, "I think it will feel great as a football stadium and I speak as a football fan as well the chairman of UK Athletics.
I think you'd find West Ham would cover the track in the winter season so it wouldn't look like you had a track between you and the pitch.
On 30 September , the club formally submitted its bid for the Olympic Stadium with a presentation at 10 Downing Street ,  and on 8 October the world's largest live entertainment company, Live Nation , endorsed the club's Olympic Stadium plans.
According to the club, the site could be vacated and open to redevelopment by the summer of The decision in favour of West Ham's bid was unanimous,  although controversial as local rivals Tottenham Hotspur had also been bidding for the venue.
On 8 June , it was confirmed that the Westfield Shopping Centre had been in detailed talks with West Ham for naming rights of the new Olympic stadium which could be called the Westfield Stadium.
Once the original deal collapsed, a new process to select a tenant was begun. West Ham immediately announced plans to become tenants of the stadium.
With a decision due by the Olympic Park Legacy Company in May , Mayor of London Boris Johnson delayed the final selection of future tenants until completion of the Summer Olympics, stating that it was "overwhelmingly likely" that the tenants would be West Ham.
The club's plan was to move into the stadium prior to the start of the —17 season. In September , however, the government rejected holding such an inquiry.
The comment predominantly refers to the club's youth development system which was established by manager Ted Fenton during the s, that has seen a number of international players emerge through the ranks.
Most recently, the likes of first teamers Mark Noble and James Tomkins , as well as Welsh international Jack Collison , have emerged through the Academy.
Frustratingly for fans and managers alike,  the club has struggled to retain many of these players due to predominantly financial reasons. Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.
Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. The voting was restricted to players from the modern era. The following is a list of recipients of the 'Hammer of the Year' award.
Subsequent recipients would be awarded the title after a vote by supporters. Scott Parker repeated this feat between — Bobby Moore has been runner-up four times, while Billy Bonds and Tony Cottee have both been runners-up three times.
Billy Bonds and Trevor Brooking's wins are notable in the amount of time between first and last Hammer of the Year award.
Bonds has 16 years separating his wins whilst Brooking has The first award was presented to club-record appearance maker Billy Bonds , who picked up the award on the pitch at Upton Park before kick-off against Cardiff City on the opening day of the —14 season.
The award was presented to Sir Trevor Brooking , a record five-time winner of the Hammer of the Year award.
Brooking received the award before the —15 season curtain-raiser against Tottenham Hotspur on 16 August The award was awarded to Martin Peters.
On 3 May , it was announced via the club's official website that the fourth recipient of the award would be Sir Geoff Hurst , the club's second all-time leading goalscorer, and scorer of a hat-trick in the World Cup Final.
Staff and directors . Coaching staff  . West Ham have had 17 permanent managers in their history and an additional three caretaker managers.
Manuel Pellegrini was appointed as West Ham's 17th permanent manager on 22 May From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of West Ham United F.
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Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 15 August A Nostalgic Look at a Century of the Club. Towards the end of an announcement was made by Newham Council that West Ham would be sold for re-development.
It survived until 26 May which still came as a shock because many had hoped for a reprieve. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Homes of British Speedway.
Worthies, entertainments, sports and pastimes". Retrieved 1 December Fleet Publishing Company Ltd. The Book of the Greyhound. Greyhound Derby, the first 60 years.
Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File. The Greyhound and Racing Greyhound. The Encyclopedia of Greyhound Racing. Retrieved 9 February British Baseball and the West Ham Club: History of a 's Professional Team in East London.
Retrieved 7 November Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from March Coordinates on Wikidata.